Responsibility is defined by three inseparable components:
This means that a person cannot be responsible for a task or a field of activity without having the appropriate authorization, such as the right to sign contracts or to give instructions. Since the person in charge is responsible for the results of his area, he also bears the consequences in case of mistakes or failure.
In project management, responsibility is usually distributed among several persons or organizational units. This is determined by contracts, the project organization and delegation. In a project, for example, responsibility could be distributed as follows: